As we all know, the earth’s climate is a product of the interaction between: sunlight, atmosphere and oceans. And it is that at this point, the causes and consequences of climate change have become part of our daily lives … and the defense and protection of the environment should be everyone’s responsibility.
Thus, the sun provides energy in the form of solar radiation, and part of this radiation is reflected back to space. The rest is absorbed by clouds, atmospheric gases (including carbon dioxide), and the earth’s surface.
For thousands of years, carbon dioxide concentrations have undergone little change. However, in the last hundred years … the amount of this gas in the atmosphere has increased dramatically, accelerating processes such as thawing, something really worrying for all the inhabitants of the planet.
Scientists around the world are really worried about the recent increases, and it seems that the amount of carbon dioxide had settled in recent years (according to the data that countries compile on their own emissions), but nothing more far from reality…
Specialists and researchers of the effects of climate change, have concluded after decades of measurements, that less than half of the gas that was produced by humans when burning oil, natural gas or coal, remained in the atmosphere and warmed the earth. The rest was sucked up by the ocean and the land surface, in similar quantities.
And it is that these natural sponges are, undoubtedly, assisting humanity in this difficult task, absorbing many of these gaseous wastes … but for how long could they continue their work? Will they be able to sustain that rhythm?
The earth absorbs our carbon emissions, but every day at a slower rate …
There is no doubt that the earth continues to absorb the wake emitted by the human footprint. However, this assimilation is becoming increasingly slow and tedious, due to situations such as deforestation or ocean pollution. And is that current emissions far exceed the ability of the earth to incorporate this amount of CO2 into the cycle, causing the process to slow down and accumulating gases in the atmosphere.
What caused these drastic changes? Why has the problem worsened?
Scientists from around the world assure that the climatic pattern presented by the El Niño phenomenon (which caused the warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific and dry large areas of the tropics) aggravated this situation in 2015 and 2016, causing a rapid increase in carbon dioxide. into the atmosphere.
However, this is just one more condition, but the complexity of the matter leads experts to conclude that it would be more than necessary to invest in an adequate monitoring system to follow up on the profound changes that humans are producing on the planet.
“And it is estimated that human activity is pumping almost 40,000 million tons of carbon dioxide into the air each year”, a truly overwhelming and shocking amount. “The atmospheric concentration of gas has risen by 43 percent since the Industrial Revolution,” warming the earth by about 1.14 degrees Celsius, a striking figure considering the surface of the entire planet.
But let’s go back to the more rigorous today to understand the recent increases in carbon dioxide, generated by human activity worldwide. China would be another compelling reason, the biggest polluter for more than a decade. USA, Europe … nobody is saved here. And the problem is really serious and must be tackled through a global conscience. Because if emissions do not change over the next two decades, the fate of the planet will be terrible and irrevocable.